Clinical psychologist
Social Service & Guidance

Clinical psychologists use psychological therapies and procedures to help clients overcome a range of problems including depression, addiction, anxiety, challenging behaviour, neurological disorders, mental ill health and learning disabilities.

Work Activities

Typical responsibilities of the job include:

  • assessing clients' behaviour and needs via observation, interviews and psychometric tests
  • developing, administering and monitoring appropriate treatment therapies and strategies
  • undertaking research
  • writing reports
  • providing support and advice to carers
  • meeting, advising and liaising with other NHS professionals
  • helping clients to make positive changes to their lives

Personal Qualities and Skills

Key skills for clinical psychologists

  • Knowledge of psychological theory and practice
  • Interest in how people think and behave
  • Good research skills
  • Ability to relate to and empathise with a range of people
  • Good teamworking skills
  • Excellent communication skills
  • Sensitive listening and questioning skills
  • Ability to cope with emotionally demanding situations
  • Ability to work both on your own and with others

Pay And Opportunities

Typical employers of clinical psychologists

  • The NHS
  • Psychiatric units
  • Hospitals
  • Mental health services
  • Health centres and local clinics
  • Social services departments
  • Schools
  • Prisons

Vacancies are advertised in newspapers, hospital vacancy bulletins, on the NHS jobs website and various other publications and websites, including Health Service Journal and the psychologist appointments section of The Psychologist.


Qualifications and training required

Entry requirements for psychology degrees vary but you usually need at least 2 or 3 A levels or equivalent qualifications, plus supporting GSCEs. Science subjects may be preferred. Psychology A level is not required, but may give you insight into the subject.

You will need a minimum 2.2 in an undergraduate psychology course accredited by the British Psychological Society (BPS) in order to be eligible for graduate membership of the BPS. Alternatively, you could have obtained a BPS-accredited conversion course, sometimes referred to as an accelerated degree. Conversion courses typically take a year to complete, though this can vary, as can entry requirements. After this you will go on to postgraduate study and training, and will need to undertake a three-year doctorate in clinical psychology.

You must then register as a clinical psychologist with the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC).

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